Videovortrag: Wer hat die Psalmen verfasst?

Es ist allgemein bekannt, dass König David als Verfasser der Tehillim (Psalmen) angesehen wird. Allerdings gibt es im Talmud, in zahlreichen Midraschím und auch im Text der Tehillim Hiweise darauf, dass König David nicht der einzige Verfasser der Tehillim ist.

Wer denn waren die anderen Verfasser der Tehillim, und was wissen wir über sie?


Dieser Schi’úr (Vortrag) wurde am So. 7. März ’10 in der Schomre Thora Basel vorgetragen und ist der zweite in einer Reihenfolge von Video-Schi’úrim (Vorträge) zu den Psalmen. Der frühere Vortrag heisst Tehillim als Gebet.

[Sie können sich diesen Video auch bei Vimeo anschauen.]

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2 Responses to Videovortrag: Wer hat die Psalmen verfasst?

  1. micha says:

    Could you please provide at least an outline (other than the material already in “The Warmongering Laboring Amazones”) for those of us who don’t speak German?

    -micha

    • Arie Folger says:

      Sure. I discuss the authorship of the Tehillim, beginning with the Gemara Bava Bathra 14b, which mentions ten authors in addition of King David. Then, I move on to the superscriptive attributions. Of the 150 psalms, 101 have superscriptions with names, 100 of which can reasonably be taken as statements of attribution of authorship. I delineate the structure that appears when one looks at the clusters of attributed psalms, and in the process discuss the imputed authorship of certain unattributed psalms, such as the ten psalms following Ps. 90, Tefilla le-Moshe, and explain the midrashic attributions of those psalms, while also taking note of some parallel between Ps. 92 and Ps. 73, which may suggest common authorship, and try to reconcile that possibility with the two well known midrashic attributions of that psalm, to Adam or Moshe. I resolve that by leaning onto Radaq’s understanding of Mosaic and Davidic authorship of the same psalms. For Radaq, Moshe wrote an early version of those psalms, which David reworked and incorporated into the book, so we find the notion of multiple authors of successive layers of the same psalm.

      Note that unlike regarding the Five Books of the Torah, some source critical analysis is entirely appropriate in Psalms, in line with the Talmud’s own statements.

      Using other sources in Tanakh and in the commentaries, I try to bring biographic information on some of the other authors of Psalms.

      I then cover the question of psalms referring to the destruction and the later return and rebuilding of Tziyon, in the view of a number of commentaries, and finally present the Midrash Qohelet Rabbah and Shir haShirim Rabbah quoting Rav and Rabbi Yochanan, as an alternative list of the ten (actually eleven) authors of Tehillim, and what that means regarding who was the final editor of Psalms. I conclude with an analysis of the implications of the understanding of those psalms according to the Gemara vs. the Midrash.

      This is, of course, a very brief account of the shiur, given the fact that I spoke for an hour.

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